What Is a Solenoid Valve?

What Is a Solenoid Valve?

The Parts of a Solenoid Valve

Solenoid Valves, such as  solenoid valve and Kip solenoid valves, have two main parts, as noted by. Those parts are the solenoid which is basically an electromagnet and the valve body. Two or more openings, or orifices, are housed in the valve body. The unit that makes up the solenoid has some other components in it. Those other components are the plunger, a coil, a second plunger, a sleeve assembly and material that seals the unit.

About the Electromagnet
The electromagnetic solenoid coil that powers the normally closed solenoid valve is what makes it open and close, as noted by aira automotion. When the electromagnetic coil that’s housed within the solenoid becomes energized, it raises and lowers the plunger. The plunger is seated inside of a tube-shaped sleeve, and the plunger’s movement within the sleeve opens and closes the orifice — or opening — of the valve.

2/2 Valves

As gases and liquids flow through pipes, solenoid valves open and close the flow as well as dose and distribute the proper mix of the gases or liquids, according. The circuit function is determined by the solenoid valve’s purpose. For example, a 2/2 valve is made with two ports. One port is an inlet and the other is an outlet. A 2/2 valve has only two positions, and those positions are open or closed.

3/2 Valves

When a valve needs to be able to switch between circuits, use a 3/3 valve. A 3/3 valve has a total of three ports plus two positions. The functions a 3/2 valve can perform are normally closed, normally open, universal and diverting. Using this type of valve increases the possible combinations of valves that can be used for a single construction process. Symbols can be used to indicate what each does.

Solenoid Valve Advantages

There are a lot of advantages to using solenoid valves. Versatility is one of them and expense is another, according to Crane Engineering. It’s possible to create a number of unique applications for air handling, water movement, and also for working with oil, gas and steam that need to flow in specific patterns. You can direct almost any gaseous or liquid substance through a solenoid valve. Solenoid valves provide an effective and efficient way to control the flow of liquid or gas automatically. Lower cost is another advantage you gain by using a solenoid valve. Solenoid valves don’t require much in the way of wiring, effort or expense compared to other types of valves.


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